In case of chronic fatigue syndrome, people should avoid mental and physical activity as it can worsen the situation to a great extent. Even though the cause is unknown but experts believe that it might arise from combination of different factors. Different types of medical tests are required to be performed so as to make sure that the person is not affected with this disorder. Officially there are many symptoms associated with the disorder such as loss of concentration or memory, fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes in armpits or neck, sore throat, shifting of pain to different joints without redness or swelling, unexplained muscle pain, headache of different type, too much exhaustion after mental or physical exercise and un-refreshing sleep.
Although the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome are unknown, researchers have come up with some theories that are known to trigger this disorder. It has been observed that several people develop this disorder after they get affected with some viral infection. Some of the suspicious viruses include human herpes virus 6, Epstein-Bar and mouse leukemia viruses. Apart from that it has also been observed that people with chronic fatigue disorder have a weaker immune system even though it is still not known whether this can be a reason for the disease. People suffering from this disease experience excessive levels of hormones being produced in adrenal, pituitary and hypothalamus glands but their significance is not known.
There are quite a few risk factors associated with chronic fatigue syndrome that are prevalent in both men and women. The disorder can start at any age however; people within the age group of forty to fifty are most likely to get affected. Chances of women getting diagnosed with this disorder is more than that of men. But this report is based on the fact that women consult with the doctor more than men. The type of lifestyle that a person follows can even be a factor that can lead to the development of this disease. People who are inactive and overweight are at more risk of developing this disease.
Several complications can arise out of this disorder like social isolation, depression, increased work absences and lifestyle restrictions. The treatment associated with chronic fatigue syndrome mainly uses drugs that can relieve the symptoms. Antidepressants are a must for people suffering from this disorder as they help in treating the depression which ultimately helps the patient to cope with this disease in a better way. Sleeping pills are also recommended for some patients and are advised not to consume products that contain caffeine.
Apart from medications, the ideal way to treat chronic fatigue syndrome is through psychological counseling along with some gentle exercise program. A physical therapist advices the patient on the different types of light physical activities that can be performed which is gradually intensified as time goes by.