The Causes and Symptoms of Small Vessel Disease

The condition where small arteries located in the heart are found to get narrowed is known as small vessel disease. Chest pain is the most common sign of this disease that can also lead to various complications of the heart. This disease is also known as coronary microvascular ailment and is diagnosed with blockages found in main arteries located in the heart. There is no narrowing found on large vessels that are also located in the heart but the symptoms are found to persist. The disease is very common in diabetic people, women and people who have high blood pressure. The detection of this disease is pretty difficult but it can be treated very easily.


Some of the symptoms of small vessel disease are:

  • Discomfort or squeezing and chest pain.
  • Chest pain accompanied with a feeling of discomfort in the left arm or the jaw.
  • Chest pain that gets worsened with regular activities and even during emotional stress.
  • Abdominal, shoulder, neck and upper back discomfort.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Unusual fatigue.
  • Energy loss.
  • Trouble sleeping.

Small Vessel Disease


The large arteries of the heart carry out the process of pumping blood while the tiny vessels are found to expand when an individual is active and contract while at rest. The vessels that are large get blocked or narrowed through atherosclerosis which is a condition where fatty deposits are formed in arteries. In the disease called coronary microvascular the tiny vessels of the heart are narrowed in such a way that they are unable to expand when a person is active. This is the reason why the body is not able to get an adequate supply of blood that is rich in oxygen.

The inability of the tiny vessels of the heart to expand is known as endothelial dysfunction which can also result in making the vessels even smaller while a person is active or under any sort of emotional stress. The reduction in flow of blood that is found in the tiny vessels results in chest pain and various other symptoms that are very similar to the symptoms of heart attack and angina.

Risk factors

Some of the risk factors include:

  • Use of tobacco
  • High cholesterol
  • Obesity
  • High level of blood pressure
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Diabetes
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Insulin resistance
  • Estrogen deficiency
  • Ageing can also be a cause


The small vessel disease should not be left untreated because it plays an important role of pumping blood to various parts of the body. If this disease is not treated properly it can cause various problems including:

  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Spasm of coronary artery
  • Cardiac Death

By putting into consideration these major complications it becomes very important to treat this disease at the right time.

Steps to Prevent Heart Disease

There is no medication required to prevent heart diseases. Sometimes heart diseases are unpreventable but there are however some simple steps to prevent heart disease that can be easily be used to ring about a reduction in the chances of suffering from a heart disease. The most common techniques that can be tried out in preventing heart disease are maintenance of healthy weight, regular screenings of health, being active always and even dieting. Heart disease is considered as a silent killer and it can be avoided to a large extent by trying out some of the other methods as well.

Avoid tobacco

Avoid tobacco

People who are not addicted to smoking have less chances of contracting problems of the heart. Smoking increases the risk of contracting some of the most serious diseases related to the heart such as blood pressure and stroke. Suggestions from the doctors should be taken by smokers who suffer from heart diseases in relation to the methods that can be used in quitting this bad habit.

Control blood pressure

Blood pressure

The high pressure of blood within the body should be controlled in any ways because it increases the risk of several diseases of the heart. Blood pressure should be controlled and brought to the level that is considered to be normal and this can be done by checking the pressure of blood on a regular basis. Good living and proper medicines can also be used to lower the pressure of blood within the body.

Avoid alcohol

Avoid alcohol

There can be absolutely no doubt in the fact that alcohol is not good for the body. Alcohol can also turn out to be the major reason behind heart attack and even high pressure of blood and stroke. Therefore people must always try and control their drinking habits.

Control blood cholesterol

Calories in blood should also be controlled by paying attention to one’s eating habits. Foods that contain large amounts of cholesterol should be avoided because they are not good for the heart. Fruits rich in fiber should be consumed in order to possess a healthy weight. Cholesterol levels in the body should be checked on a regular basis.

Prevent diabetes

Prevent diabetes

People who suffer from diabetes do suffer from the risk of contracting several kinds of diseases of the heart. Therefore efforts should be made in the direction of preventing diabetes. The methods that can be tried out in preventing diabetes are keeping good weight, doing exercises that are simple and eating well.



Exercises of all kinds are very important to stay away from various diseases of the heart. Exercises should not be done in high frequency because they make you feel tired. The best thing to do is practice doing exercises on a regular basis and try out simple exercises because they are safe. These are the most important steps to prevent heart disease and they should always be considered.

How to Prevent Heart Diseases Naturally

Heart diseases can be best prevented when the lifestyle is healthy. In almost all the cases heart diseases are fatal and should be treated in time. There are certain risk factors associated with a heart disease and it is difficult to reduce them. The only way out is to lead a controlled and routine life. The factors leading to heart diseases can be anything including family history and age. However, there can be certain steps following which the heart diseases can be kept at bay. The key to the prevention of heart diseases is leading a healthy and routine life. Mentioned under are few points on how to prevent heart disease.

Unhealthy behavior

General health habits that many of us regard common such as physical inactivity, having a poor diet, tobacco and alcohol use can also increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. A 2014 study links increased risk of heart disease to mental health challenges and unhealthy behavior. Turning to positive health behaviour changes is among the important strategies for prevention including follow-up with medical professionals and it is also imperative to seek help from rehab and addiction treatment facilities. Take a look at these Lakeview Behavioral Health ratings and reviews to know more about the treatments and choosing the right rehab.

Avoid tobacco

One of the major reasons for heart diseases is the use of tobacco. Tobacco is dangerous, to the extent of being life threatening. The chemicals contained in tobacco are potent enough to cause damage to the blood vessels and this narrows the arteries. This causes the heart rate to increase as the organ needs greater pressure to pump the blood. This can eventually cause a heart attack. As a matter of fact, it must also be noted that passive smokers lie at the same risk of acquiring heart diseases.

Avoid Smoking Avoid tobacco

In cases of women who smoke or take contraceptives, they are more prone to suffering a heart attack after the age of thirty five.

Routine exercise

Fatal heart diseases can be kept off with a routine life as already stated earlier. Exercises also reduce the risk of acquiring heart diseases. Regular exercise ensures that the body undergoes rigorous activity. This in turn ensures that the circulation of blood and the working of the heart are proper. Daily exercises for about thirty minutes can reduce the risk of suffering a heart attack.

Routine exercise

The query how to prevent heart disease is best answered by exercise. Exercise regulates proper working of the body and also prevents people from gaining weight. It keeps in control the other disorders that can lead to heart diseases. Such disorders include diabetes, high blood pressure, and cholesterol.

Healthy diet

The diet of every individual and not of those that have already acquired heart diseases should be constituted of such things that can keep the heart healthy. Dash diet that includes all such food that has low cholesterol, fat, and salt should be preferred by all. Such diet includes fruits and vegetables in large amounts and also the dairy products that have low fat. Such food that have saturated fat such as red meat, dairy products, palm and coconut oil, should be avoided. Foods that have trans fat such as bakery products, fried food, crackers, margarines, and packaged snacks, have a greater chance of causing cholesterol deposit in the blood vessels thus increasing the risk for a heart block.

Abiding by all the points mentioned on how to prevent heart disease can help a person lead a healthy life.

The Chronic Ischemic Heart Disease

Chronic ischemic heart disease is the term assigned to all the heart problems that are caused by thinning of the heart arteries. This is otherwise known as cardiac ischemia. It causes chest pain, but many confuse it with heart attack or acid reflux. It can be noticeable-or silent and deadly. Many people experiences episodes of this heart disease, without any pain or symptoms resulting in getting a heart-attack without any warning. There are a number of reasons for this condition to show-up. Some of these are mentioned below.

Smoking is a big risk factor

Both nicotine and carbon monoxide puts a strain on the heart by making it working faster than usual. They also increase the risk of blood clotting. If someone is addicted to smoking then that individual is increasing the chance of getting a heart disease by 25%. High blood pressure puts extra strain on the heart and the blood vessels. This can cause them to be weak or damaged.

Chronic Ischemic Heart Disease

Too much cholesterol in the blood facilitates this condition. The recommended cholesterol level varies from healthy adults to those at higher risk. It can restrict the blood flow, by forming on the artery wall.

Symptoms of chronic ischemic heart disease can also be seen in those individuals who do not participate in some kind of physical activity or do not indulge in taking regular exercises.

Methods in which this condition can be diagnosed:

  • It usually involves questions relating to family and medical history, the lifestyle and taking a blood test.
  • Further tests involving electrocardiogram (ECG), MRI scan, X-Ray, coronary angiography, CT Scan etc are usually performed to determine the risk of getting this condition.
  • Although it cannot be cured but proper treatment can help in reducing the chances of getting a heart –attack.

It is very much possible in getting back to normal life after undergoing a surgery. This includes:

  • Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs: A member from these programs usually visits the patient after their surgery and guides them through the post-surgery ill-effects. It usually includes educating the patient, introducing them to certain exercises, and providing them with emotional support.
  • Support Groups: Taking an active part in the support group sessions, is a popular method to recover. Meeting with people who had undergone the same procedure is quite beneficiary.
  • Relationships: Family and friends plays a vital role in helping to recover from a heart surgery. It can be a bit difficult to talk with people regarding but it surely does have its own advantages. One should not feel shy to interact with them regarding this topic.
  • Returning to Work: Usually people don’t return to their same work after the condition if it involves heavy physical work. However, one should try to find an ideal job which doesn’t require too much physical involvement but at the same time provides you some kind of moderate exercise.

Understanding Heart Disease Symptoms and Treating Them

There are different signs that heart diseases show and each problem must be treated separately. One needs to know about them in order to treat them properly. Some of them include coronary artery disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, etc. it is important to consult a doctor and get a corrective diagnosis done. One should understand this at the early stage and the patient must consult a specialist for any of these symptoms. Some of the heart disease symptoms are as follows.

Coronary Artery Disease

This is the most common symptom among different heart problems. This problem starts with chest pain or angina. Angina leads to heaviness, discomfort, burning sensation, fullness, painful feeling or squeezing. The problems of angina can also be felt near neck, arms, back, or jaw.

Some of the other common symptoms of artery disease are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations
  • Faster heartbeat
  • Weakness
  • Sweating
  • Nausea

Heart Attack

This is another heart disease that is considered to be very dangerous. Some of the symptoms of heart attack are:

  • Discomfort
  • Pressure
  • Chest pain
  • Heaviness
  • Discomfort in jaw, throat, arm, or back
  • Feeling of choking indigestion
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea

Heart Disease Symptoms

If a person suffers from irregular heartbeats then he should go to some specialist and get a thorough check up done. The symptoms of heartbeat mainly last for around 30 minutes or for longer period. This is not healed by oral medication or rest. The initial symptom is mainly of pain and mild discomfort.


The symptom of arrhythmias is abnormality in the rhythm of heart. These symptoms include:

  • Palpitations
  • Pounding in the chest
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Breath shortness
  • Fatigue
  • Discomfort in the chest

Atrial Fibrillation

While suffering from atrial fibrillation patients might suffer from any of the following problems:

  • Heart palpitations
  • Reduction in energy levels
  • Discomfort in the chest area
  • Dizziness

Sometimes the episodes of Atrial Fibrillation are not known properly as these are very brief and last for very less period.

Heart valve disease symptoms

The symptoms of heart valve disease are somewhat similar to the diseases mentioned above. This problem is also followed by shortness in breath, difficulty in inhaling and exhaling, weakness, dizziness, palpitations, etc. If there is heart failure due to valve problems then following things occur:

  • Swelling in the ankle area or swelling in the abdomen. The feet may also seem to be bloated.
  • Quick weight gain.

The symptoms of this problem are very severe but require serious attention. If any person faces problems in breathing properly then he should consult a specialist heart doctor as fast possible. Neglecting the problem might increase it. It is very difficult to heal the heart problems at a later stage. When there is mitral valve prolapse then people will get to see serious symptoms. If there is rapid weight gain or production of sputum them it will lead to heart failure. Any blockage in the valves should be treated as fast as possible.

Types of Heart Diseases That People Suffer the Most From

Heart or cardiovascular diseases are among the widespread health issues of 21st century. Brief descriptions of some common types of heart diseases are stated hereunder for awareness among masses.


It is one of the most common heart diseases in the world. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) or Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the blockage of heart vessels due to plaque deposits that causes reduction in supply of oxygenated blood to the heart.

Angina Pectoris

CAD leads to chest pain, called Angina Pectoris, due to inadequate supply of oxygenated blood to the heart. Pain occurs at certain intervals of time and lasts for a few minutes at maximum. Angina eventually causes cardiac arrest.

Silent Ischemia

It is a type of CAD in which people do not feel much pain in the chest. Physical exertion generally raises the pain, which is often thought to be the result of physical activity. Hence it is named Silent Ischemia.


Inefficiency of heart towards pumping sufficient blood throughout the body is termed Congestive Heart Failure (CHF). It happens gradually due to weakened heart muscles or other factors.


Blockage in peripheral arteries that carry oxygenated blood from heart to rest of body due to deposition of fatty plaque causes Peripheral Artery Disease. The part of the body that does not receive adequate oxygenated blood becomes numb, cold, swells, etc.


Heart failure can be both the cause and effect of Cardiomyopathy, which is the term used to describe structural change in heart muscles or weakening of the same. Alcohol consumption, genetic defects, hypertension, viral infection, etc. can be the causes of this issue.

heart diseases types

Cardiac Arrest

The damage or death of heart muscles due to inadequate supply of blood leads to heart attack or Cardiac Arrest. Immediate medical assistance is necessary for the person who experiences sudden but intense pain in the chest, short breaths, rapid heartbeats, etc.


Structural or functional defects in heart that kids are born with are called congenital heart diseases (CHD).

Heart Valve Diseases

Malfunction of one or more valves of the heart causes heart valve diseases. The four valves inside heart maintain flow of blood through heart, which pumps blood as an effect of opening and closing of these valves.


Irregularity in the rhythm of the heartbeats caused by the malfunction of electrical system of heart is termed as Arrhythmia. It causes heartbeat to slow down or become fast or random.


Inflammation of muscles of heart due to certain microbial infection is termed as Myocarditis. It is as uncommon as recognizing its symptoms is tough. Fever, joint pain, swelling in leg, etc. are some of its symptoms but people do not usually relate them to heart.