Steps to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

There are two types of diabetes that can happen to anyone and the type 2 diabetes is the most common type in which the body does not produce any kind enough insulin or make use of the insulin in a proper manner. Type 2 diabetes is caused by inadequate exercise, poor diet and by an abnormal stress level. In type 2 diabetes, the cells in your body would resist to make use of the insulin that gets created in your body. The insulin is the most needed hormones that let the sugar from the blood to get into the needed parts in your body. When the insulin goes missing, then cells would get an abnormal level of insulin, leading to an increase in your blood sugar level. The following are the steps to prevent type 2 diabetes from happening to your body.

Exercise regularly

Make sure to exercise regularly and you should exercise at least 30 minutes in a day. Taking a walking by your neighborhood will be a good idea for people who are starting their exercise. After a few days of following routine walking and running, you can visit the gym to make yourself stay fit and healthy. When you exercise regularly, all the muscles get flexed and prevent type 2 diabetes from happening in your body.

Eat a healthy and balanced diet

Avoid intake of sugar, meat fats and too much of salt in your daily food. The processed foods have the unnatural chemicals in them that can increase the blood sugar level in your body. Avoid such processed foods in your diet. Take enough amounts of protein and carbohydrate in your daily diet. Eating fresh fruits and vegetables can help you balance the fat and sugar level in your body. Do not overeat as it can result in type 2 diabetes in the near future. Eat slowly so that you can avoid overeating.

Steps to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Drink plenty of water

Water is a good source to keep your body stay hydrated and helps in a good blood flow all over your body. Drinking water before having your meal can prevent you from overeating.

Avoid junk foods to maintain a healthy weight

Avoid junk foods as it can easily prevent the occurrence of insulin in your blood. Maintain a healthy weight by monitoring your weight once in a week. A human brain takes 20 minutes time to make you feel full after a meal. It is highly recommended to eat slowly so that you can maintain a healthy weight without overeating.

Say no to drugs and alcohol

Smoking, drinking alcohol and having the habit of taking drugs regularly can prevent the insulin formation in your blood. Quit them all to notice the difference in your body. People who have been addicted to alcohol and drugs can have type 2 diabetes in the near future. Quit them to prevent them from happening in your body.

Stay away from stress

If you are stressed with your daily routine, then change them according to your own comforts so that you can stay away from stress and depression. Once you are free from any kind of stress, then your blood can flow fresh and produce a good insulin level in your body.

Learn How to Lower Blood Sugar with Diet

The diabetics should be anxious to know how to lower blood sugar with diet. It is quite a well-known fact that diabetes has no cure. The disease can be controlled and not treated. Controlling diabetes by natural methods and controlled diet is always better and safe than controlling by medicines.

Healthy carbohydrates

Naturally everything we eat is converted into blood glucose which is then used for the release of energy. The key point consists in avoiding the foods that make the process fast. Starches and sugars are most readily converted into blood glucose and these are better not consumed by a diabetic. Foods that take relatively greater time to convert include vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole grains. Some of the dairy products that have low fat content also take a longer time to convert. Healthy carbohydrate in limited amounts should be good for each meal.

Bitter melon

Bitter melon

Bitter melon is the Indian home remedy for the diabetic. This vegetable can be cooked or boiled and though it would not be awe inspiring in terms of taste, the bitter melon is an effective food for the diabetic as it helps in lowering the blood sugar levels naturally. Studies say that seventy five percent of the patients who take the juice of bitter melon grow tolerance to blood sugar to a great extent. A person suffering from diabetes who wants to lower blood sugar with diet can start the consumption of bitter melon rather than medicines.

Strawberries

Queer though it may sound, strawberries have very little carbohydrate content despite the sweet taste. The fruit can thus be used effectively in keeping the blood sugar at low levels. Moreover, strawberries have very high water content and thus cause a person feeling fuller for a very long time. It thus controls the urge of hunger.

Onions and garlic

Onions are an effective vegetable when it comes to controlling the blood sugar levels naturally. The juice of onion, however stinky it may sound, is good for the diabetics in that it resists the conversion of food into blood sugar, a process which becomes fast in the diabetics. Garlic and garlic oil supplements have also been found to have blood sugar controlling ability and thus can be consumed by a person considering to lower blood sugar with diet.

Increased consumption of water

Sweet drinks and soda are quick enough to raise the blood sugar levels. Increasing the amount and frequency of drinking water, resists the urge for soda water or other sugary drinks. The sugar-free tonic waters can also be taken to keep the urge to take other sugary drinks at bay. A number of flavoured commercial waters are available and these are a lot more appetizing than simple and plain water.

A person who wants to lower blood sugar with diet can take the recommended food to keep the blood sugar levels under control.

10 Ways to Prevent Diabetes Effectively

Diabetes is a very common disease that strikes thousands of people every year and the numbers seem to be increasing every year. This is one disease that can also result in severe complications of the heart and the kidney. At the same time it can also cause amputation of the limbs and can cause even blindness (Diabetic retinopathy). Diabetes is also genetic and is found to run in families. Therefore it is very important to combat this disease by applying the 10 ways to prevent diabetes. The ways that can help in getting rid of diabetes have been enumerated as under:

Ways to Prevent Diabetes Effectively

1. Eat healthy

People should not indulge in taking uncooked food nor should they try to snack while cooking. This is something that goes for the women. Breakfast, meals and the snacks should be taken at the same time every day so that they are regular. Smaller portions of food should be taken more often instead of having three meals a day. This is a step that also helps a lot in losing weight.

2. Limit the intake of meat

Meat, fish and poultry products should not be taken by people more often during a week. These foods contain a lot of fat that can lead to diabetic conditions.

3. Watch TV while eating

It is a very good idea to listen to music instead of watching TV while eating. When a person watches TV, he or she is unaware of the food that he takes in and may also overeat which is not good for the health.

4. Skip desserts

Desserts and refined sugar should not be taken in excess especially while eating because this can lead to the growth of diabetic conditions in people.

5. Soil broth

The low soil broth should be used instead of butter and oil in order to avoid the fat that is contained in oil and butter, which can also lead to diabetes.

6. Drink water before eating

It is very essential to drink one full glass of water before eating because it would help in losing appetite and thus solving the danger of getting attacked by diabetes.

7. Healthy fast food

Healthy fast food such as salads, grilled chicken and fruits should be taken so that the diabetic conditions can be avoided.

8. Exercise a lot

It is very important to exercise a lot while trying to avoid diabetes because it keeps the body healthy and gives it the energy to fight several kinds of infections and diseases.

9. Brush your teeth after every meal

It is very important to floss and brush the teeth after every meal because it discourages the habit of snacking that is good in the effort of avoiding diabetes.

10. Eat slowly

It is very important to chew the food thoroughly while eating so that the stomach gets enough time to tell the brain that it is full which is the most effective of all the 10 ways to prevent diabetes.

About Gestational Diabetes and Pregnancy in Brief

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed in about 10% to 2% of pregnant women and is considered a health issue of pregnancy. There can be various causes for the increase in the level of glucose in blood. This can be due to inadequate secretion of insulin in the body or due to poor response of cells to insulin. Insulin helps glucose reach into bloodstream.

What Causes Gestational Diabetes?

The food that people eat is broken down to glucose in the human body. That is, the energy that the body gains due to food reaches to every cell in the form of glucose. Cells burn the glucose in the body in order to generate energy. Blood is the carrier of nutrients to all parts of the body.  However, the glucose that is produced as result of breaking down of food particles reaches into the bloodstream with the help of insulin. This signifies the importance of adequate secretion of insulin in the human body.

Gestational Diabetes

Inadequacy of insulin in the body means insufficient absorption of glucose into the bloodstream. Since glucose is the fuel to cells of body, its insufficiency may or may not result into various health issues. However, the glucose that is left to be absorbed remains in the bloodstream and thus, the blood-sugar level rises.

Another major reason for gestational diabetes is poor response of cells towards insulin. In this case, insulin is sufficiently present in the body and works properly but the receptors in cells do not respond properly. Either ways, the level of glucose in the blood increases, which is called diabetes after a certain extent. This can be considered as an elementary explanation of diabetes.

Partial effects of both the causes are involved in Gestational diabetes. Its frequent occurrence in pregnant women may be due to hormonal changes that the body goes through during various stages of pregnancy.

Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

Almost every pregnant woman goes through glucose-screening test between 24th and 28th week of her pregnancy. This is necessary to diagnose Gestational diabetes since it has no symptoms. However, presence of sugar in urine and other symptoms are indications of higher risk of diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes Care

Gestational diabetes, under normal circumstances, improves or disappears after delivery of the baby. However, women affected by it might be more prone to other types of diabetes in later years of their lives. Through appropriate guidance and care, the risk can still be reduced or avoided. On the other side, appropriate diet, exercise and proper medication are required to deal gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Consultation with a registered dietician is the best way to ensure healthy and planned food during pregnancy. Chances of increase in diabetic conditions are reduced with appropriately balanced diet. Exercises that are acceptable during pregnancy can assist in glucose processing. Lastly, importance of medication as prescribed by the physician does not have to be signified.

Control Diabetes and Lead a Healthy and Happy Life!

Diabetes affects the quality of life to a great extent. Diabetes, if not controlled can be fatal. It can affect all the major organs of the body such as the heart, the kidneys, the liver, and the eyes. Diabetes is, in actuality, a disorder rather than a disease that paves ways for other major diseases. It harms the immune system of the person affected with it. Diabetes though mostly genetic, can also issue from intake of improper food that lack nutritive elements. However, the faster is the disorder detected, the quicker can the steps be taken to control it. Here are mentioned some of the symptoms of diabetes.

Excessive hunger

Diabetes causes disproportion in the insulin level in the blood of the affected person. As it is that the insulin level is disproportionate, blood cells cannot draw energy for performing the daily activities of life. Consequently, the body tries to find energy. This causes unusual hunger in the affected person.

Increase in thirst and urination

The diabetics also suffer a disproportionate increase in thirst and thus an increased rate of urination. This is one of the major symptoms of diabetes. This causes greater tendency in the body to be dehydrated and thus the body craves for more fluid for functioning properly.

diabetes symptoms types

Fatigue

People suffering from diabetes feel fatigued and exhausted much easily as compared to others. This is because glucose, that is associated with the release of energy in the body cells, does not reach the cells, their concentration being higher in the blood vessels. Thus, in the body of a person suffering diabetes, less energy is produced. This causes easy fatigue and exhaustion in such people.

Sudden loss in weight

Diabetes, in most of the case, is accompanied with a sudden loss of eight. This weight loss is not triggered by any external factors or changes such as exercise or exhaustion. Such persons should get a blood test done immediately. As for the loss in weight, it occurs because the body fails to absorb glucose at the normal rate and also because of frequent urination.

Blurred vision

Diabetes can be as dangerous as should spoil the vision of the affected person. Increased concentration of glucose in blood absorbs the fluids from the eyes, thus affecting the vision by blurring it. These symptoms of diabetes if ignored can lead to blindness.

Slow healing wounds

Diabetes causes impairment in the immune system of the affected person. Consequently, wounds take a longer time to be completely healed. As for women who have diabetes, they are more prone to suffering from vaginal or bladder infections.

Tingling feet and hands

Extreme blood sugar levels affect the blood vessels so that the senses in hands and feet are affected. It also causes a burning sensation in the hands and feet. This is due to a loss of the motor nerve fiber.

Different Types of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is classified on the basis the cause of high blood-sugar in the human body. The causes can be broadly classified as body’s inability to produce sufficient insulin cells and irresponsiveness of cells towards insulin. There are 3 major types of diabetes, viz., Type-1, Type-2 and Gestational Diabetes mellitus.

Type-1 diabetes

The loss of beta cells that produce insulin in the pancreas is termed as Type-1 Diabetes. This is further classified into:

  • Immune-mediated diabetes.
  • Idiopathic diabetes.

Most of the Type-1 cases are of immune-mediated nature. The loss of beta cells due auto-immune attack mediated by T-cells cause immune-mediated diabetes. No preventive measure for Type1 diabetes has been discovered yet. Generally, people who suffer from Type-1 diabetes have good health otherwise. Responsiveness and sensitivity to insulin is also normal during early stages of the disorder. Both adults and children are prone to Type-1.

Type-1 diabetes

Type-2 diabetes

Irresponsiveness of tissues of human body characterizes Type-2 Diabetes mellitus. Resistance of body-tissues towards insulin can be coupled by relative reduction in production of insulin. Insulin receptors are believed to be the cause of irresponsiveness of tissues to cells. However, the specific cause of Type-2 cases has not been identified yet. Reduction in insulin sensitivity is the predominant abnormality during the early stages of Type-2 diabetes. Certain measures and medications are effective to reduce production of glucose by liver or improve insulin sensitivity and, consequently, reverse hyperglycemia but only during the early stages of the disorder. Type-2 is the most prevalent kind of diabetes in the world.

Gestational diabetes

Relatively poor production of insulin and irresponsiveness of tissues are found in combination in cases of Gestational diabetes. 2%-5% of pregnant women suffer from gestational Diabetes mellitus or GDM. However, the disorder gradually improves or disappears after delivery. Thorough medical supervision throughout pregnancy can treat completely treat GDM. However, 20%-50% of women who are affected by GDM have been found to acquire Type-2 later in their lives.

Though it is impermanent, GDM can affect health of mother or the foetus, if not treated. Such foetuses face the risk of central nervous system anomaly, congenital cardiac anomaly, respiratory distress syndrome, skeletal muscle malformation, etc.

Gestational diabetes

Prediabetes

As the name suggests, Prediabetes is the condition of high levels of blood glucose in the body but not enough to be declared as Type-2 diabetes.

LADA

Latent Auto-immune Diabetes of Adults or LADA is the term used to describe occurrence of Type-1 diabetes. It is often diagnosed wrongly as Type-2.

Apart from these, Diabetes mellitus can occur due to autosomal or mitochondrial mutations, excessive production of insulin antagonistic hormones, extensive damage to pancreas as result of certain diseases, impairment of insulin secretion by action of certain drugs and similar causes that lead to poor or no absorption of glucose in the body.