Follow the Tips to Avoid Cancer and Be Safe

The abnormal multiplication of cells in any part of the body is what is termed as cancer. It is the deadliest of all diseases known to mankind. Years of study and research, though have resulted in medicines that increase the life of the patient, have not yet succeeded in offering a permanent healing solution. Radiations and chemotherapies can only offer temporary solutions as they control the multiplication of cells for only the period for which the medication is effective. Besides, the expenses are huge and the medications have adverse effects on the health of the patient. Although with the recent debut of the health care reform tax credit, hopefully the expenses will be reduced. Prevention is always better than cure and here are some of the tips to avoid cancer.

Tips to Avoid Cancer

  • Alcoholic beverages engender many problems and it is believed that more than 60 different medical conditions are related to alcohol consumption including oesophageal, liver and breast cancers. Preventive measures including public health interventions have to be complemented with medical approaches to address alcohol problems. People who are dependent on alcohol need alcoholism intervention to reduce the burden of disease and reduce other risks associated with alcohol consumption.
  • Tobacco, in all forms, should be avoided. Tobacco contains carcinogens and can cause cancer in the vital organs of the body that include the lungs, salivary glands, and gums.
  • No disease shows up abruptly. In cases of mesothelioma, a form of lung cancer related to asbestos, it may take 15 to 50 years before symptoms appear. There are always symptoms that men fail to notice at the right time. Same is the matter with cancer. However, the symptoms seem like minor health issues and are therefore neglected. It is therefore important to get screened for cancer on a periodical basis. There are definite ages at which certain kinds of cancer issues occur. So, it is important to hold regular consultations with the doctor. If a person has cancerous cells, he can lead a longer life when detected in the early stages.
  • One of the most important tips to avoid cancer is reducing the intake of alcohol. Consumption of alcohol must always be kept at the minimum level. Alcohol can cause cancer in the vital organs. While for men two drinks in a day should be enough, for women one drink in a day should be the limit.
  • The ultraviolet rays from the sun also carry carcinogen. They are potent enough to cause skin cancer. Regular exposure to the harmful UV rays should therefore be avoided. It is better and safer to make use of sunscreen or sun block creams with SPF 30 or higher as they reflect the harmful rays without allowing them to penetrate the skin. Sunglasses and broad brimmed hats should be used.
  • A life full of activity is the best and the healthiest life. It does not ask for each person to be an athlete. Exercises, dancing, walking, and all other activities, that cause perspiration, are good to be followed.
  • One of the most useful tips to avoid cancer is to take medicines that are improved and tested and reduce the risk for cancer. Such medications should be taken, but not before consulting the doctor.
  • Diet plays a very crucial role in causing and reducing cancer. Studies and researches reveal that foods that are plant based offer lesser risk of cancer than the non-vegetarian and fried food. It is better to minimize the consumption of red meat. Processed meats should be avoided. Sugared drinks should best be avoided.

Chemotherapy and the Side Effects it Causes

Chemotherapy is put to use in the treatment of cancer. It is the only medication so far that can control, for a limited period, the malignancy in the multiplication of cells. However, chemotherapy has a number of side effects on the person undergoing the treatment. The degree of side effects caused by chemotherapy varies between people and varies with its types and dosages. Here are discussed some of the most common side effects of chemotherapy.

Nausea and vomiting

The most common among the side effects of chemotherapy are nausea and vomiting. Almost half the number of people undergoing the treatment experiences these side effects. Anti-emetic medication is prescribed for treating such symptoms. However, despite medications, the symptoms often continue. In such cases, it is better to consult the care team. The anti-emetics may also have such effects as indigestion, constipation, headaches, insomnia, and flushing of skin.

Fatigue

This is the commonest among the side effects of this treatment. It can cause fatigue on doing the slightest of work or the everyday chores. It is therefore important that the person undergoing chemotherapy should have plenty of rest. Light exercises can act to boost the energy. However, the body should be at rest as much as possible and strenuous work should be undertaken.

chemotherapy side effects

Hair loss

Chemotherapy can cause severe hair loss. The rate or amount of hair loss depends on the dosage. The patient can start losing hair and can even experience complete loss of hair. However, on stopping the treatment, hair grows back. Cold cap is generally used to prevent the loss of hair in the patients undergoing chemotherapy. It resembles a cycle helmet and serves to keep the scalp cool so as to minimize the blood flowing  to the scalp and thus the dosage of the medication reaching the scalp can be minimized. However, the use of cold cap is restricted to the kind of cancer that the person is affected with.

Anaemia

Chemotherapy decreases the count of the red blood cells in the body of the patient. The red blood cells or the RBCs are responsible for transporting oxygen to various parts of body. Thus, when the count of the RBCs is too low, the body does not receive sufficient oxygen and symptoms of anaemia like fatigue, breathlessness, lack of energy, and irregular heart rate, start showing. In such cases, the patient may need blood transfusions to enable the RBCs develop. Foods rich in iron as leafy vegetables, beans, nuts, resins, must be taken to increase the RBC count.

Affects on skin

The skin does not escape from the side effects of chemotherapy. It can start becoming dry and scaly, especially at the hands and feet. Nails can start becoming brittle and discolored. They can also have fine white lines developed on them. Following a chemotherapy medication, the skin can also become sensitive to the sun rays.

About Some of the Common Types of Cancers

Almost all the types of cancers are feared most by people. It is known that most cancers are treatable only when they are diagnosed at early stages of their growth. Besides, treatments of cancers have side-effects too. In short, there are enough reasons to be attentive towards symptoms of cancer, negligence towards which can be fatal.

Common Types of Cancers

Appendix Cancer

Carcinoids are one of the common tumors of Appendix. When one or more carcinoids grow larger than 1cm or 2cm then they become malignant and may cause cancer. Adenocarcinomas are other malignancies in appendices. Carcinoids that are less than 2cm in size are removed through appendectomy. Larger carcinoids and adenocarcinomas are treated through Right Hemicolectomy. Visible tumors and affected organs in the abdomen or pelvis are removed through cytoreductive surgery, which may be followed by chemotherapy for eradication of residues.

Intraocular Melanoma

This is one of the types of cancers that occur in the eyes. Melanocytes that give color to the eyes are affected by this cancer. Iris melanoma and Posterior Uveal melanoma are the two subtypes of this cancer. Treatment of Intraocular Melanoma depends upon the size of the tumor. Removal of the affected eye used to be the primary treatment earlier. Plaque Brachytherapy and other radiation treatment are generally adopted these days. Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery, external beam proton therapy, tumor resection, transpupillary thermotherapy, etc. are other eye cancer treatments.

Esophageal Cancer

Squamous cell cancer is a common subtype esophageal cancer. This cancer inflicts cell lines the upper portion of the esophagus. Pain and difficulty in swallowing are its symptoms. Small and localized tumors can be surgically treated with curative intent. However, palliative care is adopted for larger tumors as they are not usually operable. Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy or both are required to delay the growth of cancer. Such therapies may render larger tumors operable.

Oral Cancer

All types of cancers that occur in or around the oral cavity can be called oral cancers. Skin lesion, lumps, ulcers, etc. that prolong beyond fortnight can be suspected for cancer. Difficulty in swallowing, mouth sores, problems in tongue, pain, etc. are the symptoms of oral cancer. Certain stem cell transplant, consumption of alcohol, tobacco etc., premalignant lesions, human papillomavirus, etc. are some of the general causes of oral cancers.

Urethral Cancer

Cancers that occur in urethra are called urethral cancers. Blood in urine, urethral bleeding, weak flow of urine, enlarged lymph nodes at groin, frequent urination, lump in the penis, urethral discharge, etc. are the symptoms of urethral cancer. Adenocarcinoma, melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma, etc. are some of the types of cancers that occur in urethra. Urethra l cancer is generally surgically removed. Open excision, laser, cystourethrectomy, etc. are some surgeries to be mentioned.