Seasonal Allergies – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

The seasonal allergies are also referred to as seasonal allergy rhinitis or hay fever. These allergies occur during a particular time of a year and mostly when spores are released by outdoor moulds and pollen grains are released by weeds, grasses, and trees. These are allergens to the body of those suffering from seasonal allergies.

Symptoms and signs of these allergies

If a child suffers from cold and cough at the same time every year, one of the most probable causes for this can be seasonal allergy. The symptoms of this kind of allergy are fast to come and they last for the complete time period for which the person is exposed to the allergen. The symptoms of seasonal allergies include coughing, clear runny nose, nasal congestion, itchy throat and/or itchy nose, and sneezing. These symptoms are often accompanied with red, watery, and itchy eyes, a condition called allergic conjunctivitis. If there are breathing troubles associated, the allergy may have given way to asthma.

Seasonal Allergies

Diagnosis

It is not that difficult to identify seasonal allergies because the symptoms and the pattern remains the same and are repeated each year. The doctors refer to the allergists who carry various tests to detect the allergen. The skin tests for detecting allergy are usually performed in either of the two ways. The first method consists in dropping the allergen in liquid form on the skin and pricking of a small section of skin from that area. The alternative method consists in injection of the allergen in small amounts under the skin, and if a reddish lump develops in the area, the test shows positive. The tests do not induce much pain and are effective. It is quite common among children which are the reason why these tests are designed in a manner that their severity is too low.

Treatment

Seasonal allergies like all other forms of allergies especially that of food do not have a definite curative. However, there are obvious treatment procedures that can help relieve the troubling and irritating symptoms of the kind of allergy. There are certain things that should be avoided, especially in the specific season when the allergy invades. The windows should be kept closed in the specific season when the allergy occurs. Air conditioning helps to keep the room cool and afresh while keeping out the allergens. Remaining indoors at the time when the pollen count is quite high helps the allergic child or adult to remain safe.

Besides this, washing hands and feet properly, and changing the clothes after having played outside can minimize the chances of the allergens reaching to the child or adult. Medicines like nasal spray steroids, antihistamines, and decongestants are helpful in relieving the acute symptoms of allergy. The allergy shots or immunotherapy also helps in desensitizing the child to the allergen.

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