Control Gestational Diabetes and Have a Healthy Baby

Diabetes is the condition of having excessive amounts of sugar in the blood. Gestational diabetes is the kind of diabetes which occurs to a woman during pregnancy. Appropriate exercise and proper diet, along with medication, can help to cure the gestational diabetes. The development of this kind of diabetes takes place after trimester and is cured after the baby’s birth.

Symptoms

There are often situations with no symptoms shown in cases of gestational diabetes and the disease is detected usually at the time of routine screening. On occasions, some symptoms may develop such as blurred vision, recurrent infections like thrush, tiresomeness, frequent urination, dry mouth, and thirst.

Control Gestational Diabetes

Causes

At the time of pregnancy, a number of chemicals or hormones, such as the human placental lactogen, progesterone, and oestrogen are produced by the body. These hormones hinder the insulin from taking the excess glucose from the blood and this increases the level of sugar in the blood of the mother carrying child. The effect of this hormone consists in allowing the nutrients and extra glucose in blood to pass into the foetus that helps it to grow. Some women, however, at the time of pregnancy, fail to produce the required amount of insulin to cope with increased level of glucose.

The risks for having gestational diabetes increased when the body mass index exceeds 30, when the woman has already had a baby weighing 4.5 kg or more, when the woman had gestational diabetes in her previous pregnancy, or when the woman has a diabetic family history.

Detection and diagnosis

Gestational diabetes is tested or detected using OGTT, or oral glucose tolerance test. The test is performed at twenty four to twenty eight weeks. For the test, a sample of the blood of the mother is tested following which she is offered glucose drink. After two hours a second sample of blood is taken for testing how the body is reacting to the glucose. In case the woman has already had gestational diabetes in the previous pregnancy, the Oral glucose test is performed at 10th – 18th week. If the results are normal, the test is performed again at 28th week.

Treatment

If detected with gestational diabetes, the woman shall have to continually monitor the blood glucose levels. Appropriate diet is advised by the doctor for controlling gestational diabetes. Eating starchy carbohydrates that have low Glycaemic Index helps keeping the blood sugar level in a stable condition. Pasta, grainy bread, easy cook rice, oats, and natural muesli helps in maintaining fitness during pregnancy and do not cause the blood glucose level to accelerate.

Plenty of vegetables and fruits offer vitamins to the mother and also to the foetus. The medicines prescribed by the doctor that include metformin, glibenclamide and insulin keep the blood glucose at lower levels. Apart from this, the doctor advises certain physical exercises to ensure a healthy mother and a healthy baby.

Seasonal Allergies – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

The seasonal allergies are also referred to as seasonal allergy rhinitis or hay fever. These allergies occur during a particular time of a year and mostly when spores are released by outdoor moulds and pollen grains are released by weeds, grasses, and trees. These are allergens to the body of those suffering from seasonal allergies.

Symptoms and signs of these allergies

If a child suffers from cold and cough at the same time every year, one of the most probable causes for this can be seasonal allergy. The symptoms of this kind of allergy are fast to come and they last for the complete time period for which the person is exposed to the allergen. The symptoms of seasonal allergies include coughing, clear runny nose, nasal congestion, itchy throat and/or itchy nose, and sneezing. These symptoms are often accompanied with red, watery, and itchy eyes, a condition called allergic conjunctivitis. If there are breathing troubles associated, the allergy may have given way to asthma.

Seasonal Allergies

Diagnosis

It is not that difficult to identify seasonal allergies because the symptoms and the pattern remains the same and are repeated each year. The doctors refer to the allergists who carry various tests to detect the allergen. The skin tests for detecting allergy are usually performed in either of the two ways. The first method consists in dropping the allergen in liquid form on the skin and pricking of a small section of skin from that area. The alternative method consists in injection of the allergen in small amounts under the skin, and if a reddish lump develops in the area, the test shows positive. The tests do not induce much pain and are effective. It is quite common among children which are the reason why these tests are designed in a manner that their severity is too low.

Treatment

Seasonal allergies like all other forms of allergies especially that of food do not have a definite curative. However, there are obvious treatment procedures that can help relieve the troubling and irritating symptoms of the kind of allergy. There are certain things that should be avoided, especially in the specific season when the allergy invades. The windows should be kept closed in the specific season when the allergy occurs. Air conditioning helps to keep the room cool and afresh while keeping out the allergens. Remaining indoors at the time when the pollen count is quite high helps the allergic child or adult to remain safe.

Besides this, washing hands and feet properly, and changing the clothes after having played outside can minimize the chances of the allergens reaching to the child or adult. Medicines like nasal spray steroids, antihistamines, and decongestants are helpful in relieving the acute symptoms of allergy. The allergy shots or immunotherapy also helps in desensitizing the child to the allergen.

Knowing About Food Allergies and Their Symptoms

Food allergies result when immune system of the body reacts in an abnormal manner to specific foods. While in some cases the allergic reactions are mild, in other cases they become severe enough. Food allergies can have several kinds of symptoms and can affect various areas of body. In some cases, a person can have severe allergic reaction. This condition is anaphylaxis and this can become acute to the point of threatening life. The symptoms of anaphylaxis include trouble in breathing and swollen lips. Such situations necessitate seeking medical help.

How food allergies are caused?

Allergies from food are caused when the body fails to recognize the essential elements in a specific food treating them as a threat. The immune system then releases chemicals to combat what it detects as a threat and these chemicals cause the symptoms of allergy. While a particular person can be allergic to any food, there are certain foods which are known to cause allergy. The foods include shellfish, fish, tree-nuts, peanut, egg, and milk. A person can also become allergic to specific fruits and vegetables. The conditions of allergy can be anything between eczema, hay fever, and asthma.

Food Allergies and Their Symptoms

What are the different kinds of food allergies?

The kind of food allergy that is most common is caused by the antibody immunoglobulin E. This kind of allergy is referred to as lgE mediated food allergy. This allergy shows very rapid symptoms and can be caused immediately on an exposure to the allergen or the allergy causing product. This kind of allergy retains greater chances of anaphylaxis. On the other hand, the kind of allergies that are not IgE mediated show symptoms after about an hour or even a day. These kinds of allergies are however difficult to diagnose.

Treatment

Food allergy has no definite treatment. The most favourable solution to such allergies is an identification of the allergy-causing food and keeping it at bay in future. The doctor conducts certain tests to detect the allergy causing ingredient. Mild to moderate reactions in allergy can be dealt with the kind of medication known as antihistamine. Anaphylaxis can be dealt with by the medication known as adrenaline. People with food allergies are prescribed to take auto injector pen containing adrenaline dosages when there is urgency.

When should an allergic person seek medical opinion?

When encountered with allergic symptoms, the person should visit the allergy clinic after consultation with the general physician. Getting an allergic test done helps not only in identifying the allergy causing food, but also prevents the unnecessary cutting down of dietary elements. While there are a large number of allergy-test kits available, not all of them are reliable. Some of them come with several unscientific principles which are more often unreliable. The health care professionals can carry out the right diagnosis and detect the cause of the allergy.